From ancient Bharat to modern India, higher education has always occupied a place of prominence in Indian history. In ancient times, Nalanda, Taxila and Vikramsila universities were renowned seats of higher learning, attracting students not only from all over the country but from far off countries like Korea, China, Burma (now Myanmar), Ceylon (now Sri Lanka), Tibet and Nepal. Today, India manages one of the largest higher education systems in the world*.
The present system of higher education dates back to Mountstuart Elphinstone’s minutes of 1823, which stressed on the need for establishing schools for teaching English and the European sciences. Later, Lord Macaulay, in his minutes of 1835, advocated “efforts to make natives of the country thoroughly good English scholars”. Sir Charles Wood’s Dispatch of 1854, famously known as the ‘ Magna Carta of English Education in India’, recommended creating a properly articulated scheme of education from the primary school to the university. It sought to encourage indigenous education and planned the formulation of a coherent policy of education. Subsequently, the universities of Calcutta, Bombay (now Mumbai) and Madras were set up in 1857, followed by the university of Allahabad in 1887.
The Inter-University Board (later known as the Association of Indian Universities) was established in 1925 to promote university activities, by sharing information and cooperation in the field of education, culture, sports and allied areas.
The first attempt to formulate a national system of education in India came In 1944, with the Report of the Central Advisory Board of Education on Post War Educational Development in India, also known as the Sargeant Report. It recommended the formation of a University Grants Committee, which was formed in 1945 to oversee the work of the three Central Universities of Aligarh, Banarasand Delhi. In 1947, the Committee was entrusted with the responsibility of dealing with all the then existing Universities.
Soon after Independence, the University Education Commission was set up in 1948 under the Chairmanship of Dr. S Radhakrishnan “to report on Indian university education and suggest improvements and extensions that might be desirable to suit the present and future needs and aspirations of the country”. It recommended that the University Grants Committee be reconstituted on the general model of the University Grants Commission of the United Kingdom with a full-time Chairman and other members to be appointed from amongst educationists of repute.
In 1952, the Union Government decided that all cases pertaining to the allocation of grants-in-aid from public funds to the Central Universities and other Universities and Institutions of higher learning might be referred to the University Grants Commission. Consequently, the University Grants Commission (UGC) was formally inaugurated by late Shri Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, the then Minister of Education, Natural Resources and Scientific Research on 28 December 1953.
The UGC, however, was formally established only in November 1956 as a statutory body of the Government of India through an Act of Parliament for the coordination, determination and maintenance of standards of university education in India. In order to ensure effective region-wise coverage throughout the country, the UGC has decentralised its operations by setting up six regional centres at Pune, Hyderabad, Kolkata, Bhopal, Guwahati and Bangalore. The head office of the UGC is located at Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg in New Delhi, with two additional bureaus operating from 35, Feroze Shah Road and the South Campus of University of Delhi as well.
Annual Report 2014 - 15
The University Grants Commission, an apex body of higher education responsible for the coordination, determination and maintenance of standards of university education in India, is celebrating its Golden Jubilee Year during 2002- 2003. As part of the academic activities the ...read more →
Human society has witnessed adventure with knowledge resulting in scientific understanding of the secrets of nature and converting them into technological innovations resulting in metamorphosis of our lifestyles and living. The unprecedented Mind-Machine interface has placed society on a discontinuous ...read more →
The UGC has established seven Regional Offices at Hyderabad, Pune, Bhopal, Kolkata, Guwahati, Bangalore and Delhi for implementation of various schemes/programmes relating to college sector. The Northern Regional Office is operated from UGC office at 35, Ferozeshah Road, New Delhi. ...read more →
(a) Right to Information Act (RIA) Cell The University Grants Commission is an autonomous body under MHRD and provides information to the applicants under Right to Information Act, 2005. The RIA cell receives the applications/appeals and forwards them to different ...read more →
The Publication Bureau has been bringing out various publications such as the UGC Annual Report, Guidelines for various schemes/ programmes being implemented in the higher education sector, UGC enactments, Reports on UGC- Conferences, Committee Reports and Statistical Reports.. It also ...read more →
The UGC Act empowers the Commission to allocate and disburse funds, out of the fund of the Commission, to universities, colleges and other institutions of higher education in the form of Maintenance (Non-Plan) and Development (Plan) grants through various programmes ...read more →